Jiuzhang, a quantum computing device developed by scientists in China, has achieved a significant breakthrough in the field of artificial intelligence. According to researchers, Jiuzhang can perform tasks commonly used in AI a staggering 180 million times faster than the world’s most powerful supercomputer. This remarkable feat opens up a world of possibilities for data mining, biological information analysis, network analysis, and chemical modeling research.
Published in the prestigious peer-reviewed journal Physical Review Letters, the research conducted by the team headed by Pan Jianwei, a renowned physicist at the University of Science and Technology of China, marks a significant step toward utilizing real-world problems with noisy intermediate-scale quantum computers.
In their experiment, the researchers successfully employed Jiuzhang to solve a complex problem that posed a challenge for classical computers. Utilizing over 200,000 samples, Jiuzhang surpassed its classical counterparts by solving the problem in less than a second. In contrast, the fastest classical supercomputer would require approximately 700 seconds per sample, translating to nearly five years to process the same number of samples.
While previous claims of quantum advantage have faced skepticism, with suggestions that quantum computers were not competing against the best-possible classical algorithms, the team’s achievement with Jiuzhang provides compelling evidence of its superiority. However, it remains an open question whether Jiuzhang will maintain its advantage over classical algorithms optimized for solving graph problems.
What sets Jiuzhang apart from other quantum computers is its use of light as the physical medium for calculations. Unlike its counterparts, Jiuzhang operates at higher temperatures, eliminating the need for extremely low temperatures and ensuring longer stability.
Jiuzhang’s name, derived from a 2,000-year-old Chinese mathematics text, is befitting of its groundbreaking capabilities. With its remarkable speed and stability, Jiuzhang has the potential to revolutionize the field of quantum computing and pave the way for unprecedented advancements in artificial intelligence applications.
Overall, this quantum computing breakthrough with Jiuzhang brings us closer to a new era of computing power, offering the potential for solving complex problems in various scientific disciplines at previously unimaginable speeds.